The most asked question in the world of diabetes research is – have we found a cure? Diabetes and stem cell research holds all the keys to this question. Here is an overview on this exciting topic.
Today, the major question that keeps coming up in the mind of researchers is; can diabetes and stem cell research be of assistance in the treatment of the disease? Are there potential breakthroughs in diabetes and stem cell research that could in the future give way for successful treatment and management of type 1 & type 2 diabetes? Readers of this website will know that there is indeed a lot of exciting research that could hold the key on a definitive breakthrough.
Many exciting technologies
Readers of this site will know that there are many exciting developments in terms of technology which may provide a cure to diabetes in the future. Please see other articles including –
Diabetes at a glance
Diabetes is a metabolic ailment which results in higher than ordinary blood glucose levels in the human system. There are two primary sorts of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. The previous, which represents around 10% of diabetes cases, is an immune system condition in which the body attacks insulin-creating beta cells in the pancreas. Since insulin is not created, the body can’t manage blood glucose levels.
While sufferers can keep up generally ordinary blood glucose levels with day by day insulin injections, it is frequently not sufficient to adequately manage blood sugar levels, which can lead to complications eg problems with the eyes and kidneys. Analysts have been investigating better approaches to handle the ailment with a specific end goal to conquer the disease once and for all. Given the wide capability of stem cells, researchers in the field of diabetes and stem cell research have pondered whether it may be conceivable to create beta cells in diabetic patients as a type of treatment.
Breakthrough in Stem Cell technology from Harvard University
Despite the fact that researchers formerly created insulin-producing cells from human stem cells, they needed huge numbers of functional qualities of pancreatic beta cells. Be that as it may, one of the potential breakthroughs in diabetes and stem cell research is the new strategy spearheaded by Harvard researchers which created a huge number of full grown beta cells from stem cells. These are like grown-up beta cells in that they react to glucose and discharge insulin in amounts equivalent to typical working cells.
How are the stem cells created?
At times, the stem cells have originated from human fetuses. At present, researchers on diabetes and stem cell research revealed from their extensive work that they can create the stem cells from skin cells, placenta and the umbilical cord immediately after a baby’s birth; something that would be considerably more morally acceptable.
The discovery has produced another influx of activity in the field, with examination labs across the globe working to recreate and expand upon outcomes of the research at Harvard.
As work progresses, researchers created a 30-day, six-stage plan that changes embryonic stem cells into pancreatic beta cells, the same sugar-moderating cells that are dismantled by the immune system of individuals with type 1 diabetes. The new cells can read the levels of sugars that enter the body after a meal, and emit the ideal dosage of insulin to adjust sugar levels. This is a very exciting development indeed.
Though the discovery has generated a new wave of medical breakthroughs in the field of diabetes and stem cell research, they are still a few years away from putting this method to work in humans. One of the primary obstacles to overcome is to find a way to mask transplanted cells from an immune system that’s out to destroy them.
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