There are distinct differences between type 1 vs type 2 diabetes. The easiest way to describe the difference would be that type 1 diabetics produce no insulin whatsoever while type 2 diabetics still produce insulin but the body is resistant to the insulin that it produces and therefore cannot use it effectively.
Diabetics will eventually know whether they are type 1 or type 2 and will be able to take the appropriate treatment. Sometimes it is not easy for medical professionals to tell what type of diabetes someone has however. There are many incorrect assumptions when it comes to the disease including one that says that all type 2 diabetics are overweight when they are diagnosed and all type 1 diabetics are underweight.
What is diabetes?
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder where the body cannot store and or use the energy that comes from food sources, in particular carbohydrates such as sugar, bread, rice, cereals and pasta. Whilst having diabetes is characterised by having higher than normal blood sugar levels, the cause and development of the conditions is different.
Type 1 vs type 2 diabetes – what is better?
Neither is better or worse than the other. Type 2 diabetes is commonly referred to as adult onset diabetes while type 1 diabetes is commonly called juvenile diabetes. That gives you an idea of what age groups tend to be effected by the two forms, although it must be said that there is an alarming trend of more and more children being affected by type 2 diabetes. There is also a third type of diabetes called gestational diabetes that affects women during pregnancy.
To use glucose from carbohydrates as fuel for the body insulin is required. Insulin is a hormone that is created by beta cells in the pancreas. Insulin effectively burns off glucose in the blood which means it can be absorbed into muscles and fat cells and stored for energy in the liver. As mentioned, type 1 diabetics do not produce any insulin and have to inject themselves with insulin shots daily, while type 2 diabetic’s bodies are resistant to the insulin that they produce.
90-95% of all diabetics are type 2 diabetics. This is the most common form of the disease and these numbers are always growing. This is down to a range of factors but a big reason for someone developing type 2 diabetes is lifestyle factors including weight and the amount of physical activity one undertakes.
Type 1 vs 2 diabetes. What are the similarities?
Both types of diabetes are dangerous and serious. They both increase the risks of a range of long term complications associated with having diabetes. These include heart disease, disease of the kidneys and liver, blindness, strokes and leg amputations to name but a few. It is important that diabetics manage their condition as best as they can and maintain a healthy lifestyle that includes weight management via proper diet and exercise and also working to maintain healthy blood sugar levels.
Type 1 vs type 2 diabetes. what are the differences?
For type 1 diabetics the symptoms usually start in childhood or young adulthood. The symptoms are quite often unnoticed by a type 1 diabetic initially. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease where the bodies cells mistakenly attack the healthy beta cells in the pancreas. Treatment for type 1 diabetes is through insulin therapy where daily injections of insulin are required to normalise blood sugar levels. For type 1 diabetics the danger of low blood sugar is equal to the danger of high blood sugar so they must walk a fine line to manage their glucose levels as best they can. Low blood sugar or hypoglycemia can kill a diabetic instantly. Please see an in depth article on type 1 diabetes symptoms here.
For type 2 diabetics generally low blood sugar or hypogylcemia is not a big problem. Type 2 diabetes is characterised by the body still producing insulin but the either not enough insulin or that the body resists the insulin it does produce. Sometimes a type 2 diabetic will show no signs or symptoms of having the disease before being diagnosed. Type 2 diabetes can be prevented and or managed via a healthy lifestyle including maintaining a healthy weight through proper diet and exercise. Sometimes a type 2 diabetic will not require any medication at all. Other times they will require oral medication and or insulin therapy to control their blood sugar levels. Please see further information on type 2 diabetes management.
It is a common assumption that people with type 2 diabetes are overweight and that type 2 diabetics do not inject insulin. While type 1 diabetics will
typically be underweight. These are common misconceptions of type 1 vs 2 diabetes. In fact, around 20% of people with type 2 diabetes are a healthy weight when they are diagnosed and many of them take insulin therapy to manage their condition. At the same time type 1 diabetics can be overweight when diagnosed. Please read more information about insulin therapy for type 2 diabetics here
Overall just because someone is overweight it does not automatically mean that they will be type 2 diabetic and it can actually mean that they are type 1 diabetic. Often numerous testing is needed to confirm which type of diabetes someone has. Knowing which type of diabetes someone has is crucial in treatment of the disease.
Important type 2 diabetes management info…
Type 2 diabetics can manage their condition with proper diet and exercise. Please see this award winning eBook for the best ideas and inspiration in the kitchen. These recipes are written by an award winning type 2 diabetic chef that cured his type 2 diabetes with these recipes. These recipes are also appropriate for type 1 diabetics looking for inspiration ideas in the kitchen that are nutritious and delicious. This eBook comes with my highest recommendation. You will be amazed. Please click here to buy this eBook
I implore everyone whether you are a type 1 or type 2 diabetic to check out the above mentioned eBook. There are some truly great recipes contained which can reverse type 2 diabetes. Again go here to buy this eBook. Overall there is no winner when it comes to type 1 vs 2 diabetes. They are both very dangerous diseases that can cause a range of long term complications. The difference is in the level or amount of insulin that the body creates. No matter which type of diabetes one has it is vital to manage blood sugar levels as effectively as possible while managing your weight via proper diet and exercise.
Please reach out to me below to add your opinion on type 1 vs 2 diabetes.